What Does the Bible Say About the Sabbath?


1. Old Testament

  1. It was instituted by God –– Genesis 2:3

  2. God blessed, sanctified, and rested on the Sabbath –– Genesis 2:3

  3. It is a memorial of creation –– Genesis 2:2-3; Exodus 20:11

  4. The Sabbath begins at sunset –– Genesis 1:5, 8, 13, 19, 23, 31

  5. Food should be prepared on a Friday (preparation day) in order to focus on worship –– Exodus 20:16-23

  6. God exhorts us to recognize the holiness of the Sabbath –– Exodus 20:8

  7. It is a sign of worship –– Exodus 20:8

  8. The seventh day is the biblical Sabbath –– Exodus 20:9-11

  9. No work must be done on the Sabbath –– Exodus 20:10; Leviticus 23:3

  10. Employees of believers must rest on Sabbath –– Exodus 20:10; Deuteronomy 5:14

  11. It is a sign of divine mercy –– Exodus 23:12

  12. It is a sign of divine power to sanctify God´s people –– Exodus 31:13

  13. Work needs do not justify breaking the Sabbath –– Exodus 34:21

  14. God asks us to keep the Sabbath –– Leviticus 19:30

  15. It is permissible to perform works linked to religious service –– Numbers 28:9; Matthew 12:5; John 7:23

  16. It is a memorial of liberation from Egypt, a sign of freedom –– Deuteronomy 5:15

  17. We must not do business on Sabbath –– Nehemiah 10:31, 13:15-17

  18. It is a day for singing praises to the Lord –– Psalm 92:1-4

  19. It is a day for contemplating nature –– Psalm 92:4

  20. It is a day for rejoicing in the Lord –– Psalm 92:11-12

  21. There is a special blessing for all who keep the Sabbath –– Isaiah 58:13-14

  22. Sabbath will be kept in the New Earth –– Isaiah 66:22-23


2. New Testament

  1. It is a sign of the continuity of God´s law –– Matthew 5:17

  2. It is a sign of salvation by faith –– Matthew 11:28

  3. Basic needs may be satisfied on Sabbath –– Matthew 12:1; Luke 13:15-16

  4. It is permissible to perform works linked to religious service –– Matthew 12:5; John 7:23; Numbers 28:9

  5. It was created for humanity –– Mark 2:27

  6. It is a day for preaching of biblical issues –– Acts 13:14-15; 42-44; 17-2; 18:4

  7. It is a day of reading the Bible –– Acts 13:27; 15:21

  8. It is a day of worship –– Acts 16:13

  9. It is a preview of the heavenly rest –– Hebrews 4:4, 9



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