Venus of the Romans

Venus (also called Aphrodite) was equivalent to the earth fertility and love goddess of the other Near Eastern nations. According to some stories, her son was Aeneas, the ancestor of the Romans; according to others, Cupid. In Rome, every month was dedicated to a god, and April belonged to Venus. She was worshiped as the Mother goddess of their race, since they were supposed to be descended from her through Aeneas. Later, they dedicated their days to gods and borrowed, from the Persians, the sacred sun god, Mithra, on that day.

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As we pass down through time, we come to Persia and the goddess Anaita—the love, or earth, goddess. Their chief god was the sun god, Ahura-Mazda, who later became known as Mithra (also called Mithras)

The temple of Ceres stood on the site of an earlier temple to Poseidon. Here Ceres was venerated.

Ephesus was the major city of Ionia; and its temple of Artemis (called Diana in Acts 19) was famous, for it was the largest Greek temple ever built.